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Jeremiah 25

Jer 25, Je 25, Jr 25

Jeremiah 25

1 The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the people of Judah in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah, that was the first year of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon;

2 The which Jeremiah the prophet spake unto all the people of Judah, and to all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, saying,

3 From the thirteenth year of Josiah the son of Amon king of Judah, even unto this day, that is the three and twentieth year, the word of the LORD hath come unto me, and I have spoken unto you, rising early and speaking; but ye have not hearkened.

4 And the LORD hath sent unto you all his servants the prophets, rising early and sending them; but ye have not hearkened, nor inclined your ear to hear.

5 They said, Turn ye again now every one from his evil way, and from the evil of your doings, and dwell in the land that the LORD hath given unto you and to your fathers for ever and ever:

6 And go not after other gods to serve them, and to worship them, and provoke me not to anger with the works of your hands; and I will do you no hurt.

7 Yet ye have not hearkened unto me, saith the LORD; that ye might provoke me to anger with the works of your hands to your own hurt.

8 Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts; Because ye have not heard my words,

9 Behold, I will send and take all the families of the north, saith the LORD, and Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon, my servant, and will bring them against this land, and against the inhabitants thereof, and against all these nations round about, and will utterly destroy them, and make them an astonishment, and an hissing, and perpetual desolations.

10 Moreover I will take from them the voice of mirth, and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom, and the voice of the bride, the sound of the millstones, and the light of the candle.

11 And this whole land shall be a desolation, and an astonishment; and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years.

12 And it shall come to pass, when seventy years are accomplished, that I will punish the king of Babylon, and that nation, saith the LORD, for their iniquity, and the land of the Chaldeans, and will make it perpetual desolations.

13 And I will bring upon that land all my words which I have pronounced against it, even all that is written in this book, which Jeremiah hath prophesied against all the nations.

14 For many nations and great kings shall serve themselves of them also: and I will recompense them according to their deeds, and according to the works of their own hands.

15 For thus saith the LORD God of Israel unto me; Take the wine cup of this fury at my hand, and cause all the nations, to whom I send thee, to drink it.

16 And they shall drink, and be moved, and be mad, because of the sword that I will send among them.

17 Then took I the cup at the LORD's hand, and made all the nations to drink, unto whom the LORD had sent me:

18 To wit, Jerusalem, and the cities of Judah, and the kings thereof, and the princes thereof, to make them a desolation, an astonishment, an hissing, and a curse; as it is this day;

19 Pharaoh king of Egypt, and his servants, and his princes, and all his people;

20 And all the mingled people, and all the kings of the land of Uz, and all the kings of the land of the Philistines, and Ashkelon, and Azzah, and Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod,

21 Edom, and Moab, and the children of Ammon,

22 And all the kings of Tyrus, and all the kings of Zidon, and the kings of the isles which are beyond the sea,

23 Dedan, and Tema, and Buz, and all that are in the utmost corners,

24 And all the kings of Arabia, and all the kings of the mingled people that dwell in the desert,

25 And all the kings of Zimri, and all the kings of Elam, and all the kings of the Medes,

26 And all the kings of the north, far and near, one with another, and all the kingdoms of the world, which are upon the face of the earth: and the king of Sheshach shall drink after them.

27 Therefore thou shalt say unto them, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Drink ye, and be drunken, and spue, and fall, and rise no more, because of the sword which I will send among you.

28 And it shall be, if they refuse to take the cup at thine hand to drink, then shalt thou say unto them, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Ye shall certainly drink.

29 For, lo, I begin to bring evil on the city which is called by my name, and should ye be utterly unpunished? Ye shall not be unpunished: for I will call for a sword upon all the inhabitants of the earth, saith the LORD of hosts.

30 Therefore prophesy thou against them all these words, and say unto them, The LORD shall roar from on high, and utter his voice from his holy habitation; he shall mightily roar upon his habitation; he shall give a shout, as they that tread the grapes, against all the inhabitants of the earth.

31 A noise shall come even to the ends of the earth; for the LORD hath a controversy with the nations, he will plead with all flesh; he will give them that are wicked to the sword, saith the LORD.

32 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, Behold, evil shall go forth from nation to nation, and a great whirlwind shall be raised up from the coasts of the earth.

33 And the slain of the LORD shall be at that day from one end of the earth even unto the other end of the earth: they shall not be lamented, neither gathered, nor buried; they shall be dung upon the ground.

34 Howl, ye shepherds, and cry; and wallow yourselves in the ashes, ye principal of the flock: for the days of your slaughter and of your dispersions are accomplished; and ye shall fall like a pleasant vessel.

35 And the shepherds shall have no way to flee, nor the principal of the flock to escape.

36 A voice of the cry of the shepherds, and an howling of the principal of the flock, shall be heard: for the LORD hath spoiled their pasture.

37 And the peaceable habitations are cut down because of the fierce anger of the LORD.

38 He hath forsaken his covert, as the lion: for their land is desolate because of the fierceness of the oppressor, and because of his fierce anger.

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Summary and the Meaning of Jeremiah Chapter 25: Divine Judgement and the Cup of God's Wrath

The twenty-fifth chapter of the book of Jeremiah in the King James Version (KJV) of the Holy Bible is a pivotal chapter that marks a significant turn in the narrative. It is an exposition of divine judgement, the wrath of God, and the impending doom that awaits both the people of Judah and the nations of the world. The chapter is replete with prophetic declarations, potent imagery, and symbolic actions that convey a profound message about God's sovereignty, His justice, and His righteous indignation against sin.

The Setting and Context

The chapter begins with a concise timeline, providing the historical and political context of Jeremiah's prophecy. It states that the word came to Jeremiah concerning all the people of Judah in the fourth year of Jehoiakim, son of Josiah, king of Judah, which was also the first year of Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon. This timeline is significant because it marks the beginning of a period of Babylonian domination that would drastically change the course of Judah's history.

The Accusation and Divine Judgement

The main theme of Jeremiah 25 is divine judgement. The chapter describes how Jeremiah, acting as God's spokesperson, confronts the people of Judah with their persistent disobedience and idolatry. Despite the repeated warnings from God's prophets, the people have not repented and turned from their wicked ways. As a result, God announces through Jeremiah that He will bring disaster upon them. The instrument of this divine judgement is Nebuchadnezzar, the king of Babylon, whom God refers to as "my servant". The Babylonian invasion is not a random act of aggression but a divinely ordained act of judgement. The people of Judah are to be taken into captivity for seventy years, a period that symbolizes complete and total judgement.

The Symbol of the Cup of God's Wrath

In the latter part of the chapter, Jeremiah introduces a powerful symbol: the cup of God's wrath. This cup, filled with the wine of God's fury, is to be taken by all the nations to whom Jeremiah is sent. The act of drinking this cup signifies experiencing God's judgement. The imagery of the cup of God's wrath underscores the universality of God's judgement; not only Judah but all nations that have turned away from God and embraced evil will have to face His wrath. The chapter ends with a grim picture of global judgement, where the slain of the Lord will be from one end of the earth to the other.

The Meaning and Implications

The twenty-fifth chapter of Jeremiah is a sobering reminder of the consequences of disobedience and sin. It underscores the severity of God's judgement and His righteous indignation against evil. Yet, it also highlights God's patience and mercy, as He had sent prophets repeatedly to warn the people and call them to repentance. The chapter is a testament to God's sovereignty and His control over the affairs of nations. While it paints a grim picture of divine judgement, it also lays the groundwork for future hope, as God promises to bring His people back from captivity after seventy years.

The symbol of the cup of God's wrath is a potent reminder of the gravity of sin and the inevitability of divine judgement. It serves to emphasize that no nation, no matter how powerful, can escape God's judgement if they persist in evil and rebellion against Him. The fact that God commands Jeremiah to make all nations drink from this cup underscores the universality of God's judgement and the global scope of His sovereignty.

However, the chapter is not devoid of hope. The seventy years of captivity, while symbolizing complete judgement, also signify a finite period after which restoration is possible. This prophecy was later fulfilled when the Persian king Cyrus issued a decree allowing the Jews to return to their homeland and rebuild their temple, indicating God's faithfulness to His promises.

In conclusion, Jeremiah 25 is a powerful exposition of divine judgement and the wrath of God. It serves as a stark reminder of the consequences of disobedience and rebellion against God. Yet, it also holds out hope for repentance, restoration, and renewal. The chapter underscores the gravity of sin, the inevitability of divine judgement, the sovereignty of God, and the possibility of redemption.

This article is informed by the King James Version of the Holy Bible, the authors' personal knowledge, considerations and experience, and additional materials and resources available in internet.

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