1 And it came to pass in the twelfth year, in the twelfth month, in the first day of the month, that the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,
2 Son of man, take up a lamentation for Pharaoh king of Egypt, and say unto him, Thou art like a young lion of the nations, and thou art as a whale in the seas: and thou camest forth with thy rivers, and troubledst the waters with thy feet, and fouledst their rivers.
3 Thus saith the Lord GOD; I will therefore spread out my net over thee with a company of many people; and they shall bring thee up in my net.
4 Then will I leave thee upon the land, I will cast thee forth upon the open field, and will cause all the fowls of the heaven to remain upon thee, and I will fill the beasts of the whole earth with thee.
5 And I will lay thy flesh upon the mountains, and fill the valleys with thy height.
6 I will also water with thy blood the land wherein thou swimmest, even to the mountains; and the rivers shall be full of thee.
7 And when I shall put thee out, I will cover the heaven, and make the stars thereof dark; I will cover the sun with a cloud, and the moon shall not give her light.
8 All the bright lights of heaven will I make dark over thee, and set darkness upon thy land, saith the Lord GOD.
9 I will also vex the hearts of many people, when I shall bring thy destruction among the nations, into the countries which thou hast not known.
10 Yea, I will make many people amazed at thee, and their kings shall be horribly afraid for thee, when I shall brandish my sword before them; and they shall tremble at every moment, every man for his own life, in the day of thy fall.
11 For thus saith the Lord GOD; The sword of the king of Babylon shall come upon thee.
12 By the swords of the mighty will I cause thy multitude to fall, the terrible of the nations, all of them: and they shall spoil the pomp of Egypt, and all the multitude thereof shall be destroyed.
13 I will destroy also all the beasts thereof from beside the great waters; neither shall the foot of man trouble them any more, nor the hoofs of beasts trouble them.
14 Then will I make their waters deep, and cause their rivers to run like oil, saith the Lord GOD.
15 When I shall make the land of Egypt desolate, and the country shall be destitute of that whereof it was full, when I shall smite all them that dwell therein, then shall they know that I am the LORD.
16 This is the lamentation wherewith they shall lament her: the daughters of the nations shall lament her: they shall lament for her, even for Egypt, and for all her multitude, saith the Lord GOD.
17 It came to pass also in the twelfth year, in the fifteenth day of the month, that the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,
18 Son of man, wail for the multitude of Egypt, and cast them down, even her, and the daughters of the famous nations, unto the nether parts of the earth, with them that go down into the pit.
19 Whom dost thou pass in beauty? go down, and be thou laid with the uncircumcised.
20 They shall fall in the midst of them that are slain by the sword: she is delivered to the sword: draw her and all her multitudes.
21 The strong among the mighty shall speak to him out of the midst of hell with them that help him: they are gone down, they lie uncircumcised, slain by the sword.
22 Asshur is there and all her company: his graves are about him: all of them slain, fallen by the sword:
23 Whose graves are set in the sides of the pit, and her company is round about her grave: all of them slain, fallen by the sword, which caused terror in the land of the living.
24 There is Elam and all her multitude round about her grave, all of them slain, fallen by the sword, which are gone down uncircumcised into the nether parts of the earth, which caused their terror in the land of the living; yet have they borne their shame with them that go down to the pit.
25 They have set her a bed in the midst of the slain with all her multitude: her graves are round about him: all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword: though their terror was caused in the land of the living, yet have they borne their shame with them that go down to the pit: he is put in the midst of them that be slain.
26 There is Meshech, Tubal, and all her multitude: her graves are round about him: all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword, though they caused their terror in the land of the living.
27 And they shall not lie with the mighty that are fallen of the uncircumcised, which are gone down to hell with their weapons of war: and they have laid their swords under their heads, but their iniquities shall be upon their bones, though they were the terror of the mighty in the land of the living.
28 Yea, thou shalt be broken in the midst of the uncircumcised, and shalt lie with them that are slain with the sword.
29 There is Edom, her kings, and all her princes, which with their might are laid by them that were slain by the sword: they shall lie with the uncircumcised, and with them that go down to the pit.
30 There be the princes of the north, all of them, and all the Zidonians, which are gone down with the slain; with their terror they are ashamed of their might; and they lie uncircumcised with them that be slain by the sword, and bear their shame with them that go down to the pit.
31 Pharaoh shall see them, and shall be comforted over all his multitude, even Pharaoh and all his army slain by the sword, saith the Lord GOD.
32 For I have caused my terror in the land of the living: and he shall be laid in the midst of the uncircumcised with them that are slain with the sword, even Pharaoh and all his multitude, saith the Lord GOD.
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Chapter 32 of the Book of Ezekiel in the King James Version (KJV) of the Holy Bible is a continuation of the prophetic messages of divine judgment by God, through His prophet Ezekiel, against Egypt and its Pharaoh. This chapter is a testament to the power of God, His sovereignty, and His divine justice. It is a vivid and somber account of the impending doom that awaits not only Egypt but also the other nations that have strayed from God’s righteousness.
Ezekiel 32 is divided into two prophetic messages. The first message, delivered in the twelfth year, in the twelfth month, on the first day of the month, likens Pharaoh to a great sea monster that God will ensnare and leave in the desert. The second message, delivered later in the twelfth month, on the fifteenth day, describes the desolation of Egypt and its allies in the netherworld.
In the first part of Ezekiel 32, the prophet Ezekiel is instructed by God to lament for Pharaoh, the king of Egypt. Here, Pharaoh is likened to a great sea monster who has muddied the waters with his feet and fouled their rivers. This metaphorical portrayal of Pharaoh is indicative of his arrogance, his tyranny, and the turmoil he has caused.
God, through Ezekiel, proclaims that He will ensnare this great monster, along with all the fish (people) of his rivers (kingdom), and cast them into the wilderness. This is a vivid depiction of God’s judgment and the downfall of Pharaoh. The imagery of the desolate wilderness where the monster and the fish are left to rot under the blazing sun symbolizes the utter destruction and desolation that awaits Pharaoh and his kingdom.
Furthermore, God declares that He will cause the land of Egypt to become a desolate waste, its rivers will run dry, and it will be a place of darkness. The fall of Pharaoh will be so great that it will cause the heavens to darken, and the stars, the sun, and the moon to withhold their light. This is a metaphorical representation of the magnitude of Egypt's downfall, impacting not only the physical realm but also the celestial bodies.
In the second part of Ezekiel 32, the prophet Ezekiel delivers another lamentation, this time describing the desolation of Egypt and its allies in the netherworld. Here, the netherworld is portrayed as a place of dishonor and disgrace where the once mighty nations now lie in shame.
Ezekiel describes how Egypt will be brought down to the netherworld to lie with the uncircumcised, the slain by the sword. This is a powerful image of disgrace and humiliation, as being uncircumcised was considered a mark of shame and being slain by the sword was a sign of divine judgment.
In the netherworld, Egypt will join other nations that have been judged by God, including Assyria, Elam, Meshech and Tubal, Edom, and the princes of the north, all of whom are described as once mighty nations that are now lying in disgrace in the netherworld. This is a stark reminder of the fate that awaits those who defy God and His righteousness.
The main themes of Ezekiel 32 revolve around God’s divine judgment, His sovereignty, and His righteousness. This chapter underscores the fact that God is the ultimate judge who will bring to account those who defy Him. It serves as a stark reminder of the consequences of pride, arrogance, and defiance against God.
The downfall of Pharaoh, as depicted in this chapter, serves as a lesson in humility. Despite his perceived greatness and power, Pharaoh is brought low by God, illustrating that human power and pride are insignificant in the face of divine judgment.
The desolation of Egypt and its allies in the netherworld is a vivid depiction of the consequences of straying from God’s righteousness. It serves as a warning to all nations and individuals who choose to defy God. Furthermore, it illustrates the impartiality of God’s judgment. Regardless of a nation’s power or prestige, if it strays from God’s righteousness, it will face divine judgment.
In conclusion, Ezekiel 32 is a somber and powerful chapter that underscores the consequences of defiance against God. It serves as a reminder of God’s sovereignty, His divine justice, and the need for humility and righteousness. Despite its somber tone, it also carries a message of hope – those who choose to walk in God’s righteousness can avoid such a dire fate.