1 The word of the LORD came again unto me, saying,
2 Son of man, set thy face against the Ammonites, and prophesy against them;
3 And say unto the Ammonites, Hear the word of the Lord GOD; Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because thou saidst, Aha, against my sanctuary, when it was profaned; and against the land of Israel, when it was desolate; and against the house of Judah, when they went into captivity;
4 Behold, therefore I will deliver thee to the men of the east for a possession, and they shall set their palaces in thee, and make their dwellings in thee: they shall eat thy fruit, and they shall drink thy milk.
5 And I will make Rabbah a stable for camels, and the Ammonites a couching place for flocks: and ye shall know that I am the LORD.
6 For thus saith the Lord GOD; Because thou hast clapped thine hands, and stamped with the feet, and rejoiced in heart with all thy despite against the land of Israel;
7 Behold, therefore I will stretch out mine hand upon thee, and will deliver thee for a spoil to the heathen; and I will cut thee off from the people, and I will cause thee to perish out of the countries: I will destroy thee; and thou shalt know that I am the LORD.
8 Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because that Moab and Seir do say, Behold, the house of Judah is like unto all the heathen;
9 Therefore, behold, I will open the side of Moab from the cities, from his cities which are on his frontiers, the glory of the country, Bethjeshimoth, Baalmeon, and Kiriathaim,
10 Unto the men of the east with the Ammonites, and will give them in possession, that the Ammonites may not be remembered among the nations.
11 And I will execute judgments upon Moab; and they shall know that I am the LORD.
12 Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because that Edom hath dealt against the house of Judah by taking vengeance, and hath greatly offended, and revenged himself upon them;
13 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; I will also stretch out mine hand upon Edom, and will cut off man and beast from it; and I will make it desolate from Teman; and they of Dedan shall fall by the sword.
14 And I will lay my vengeance upon Edom by the hand of my people Israel: and they shall do in Edom according to mine anger and according to my fury; and they shall know my vengeance, saith the Lord GOD.
15 Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because the Philistines have dealt by revenge, and have taken vengeance with a despiteful heart, to destroy it for the old hatred;
16 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will stretch out mine hand upon the Philistines, and I will cut off the Cherethims, and destroy the remnant of the sea coast.
17 And I will execute great vengeance upon them with furious rebukes; and they shall know that I am the LORD, when I shall lay my vengeance upon them.
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Ezekiel Chapter 25, a part of the Old Testament in the King James Version (KJV) of the Holy Bible, is a prophetic and poetic scripture that falls within the section of the book of Ezekiel often referred to as the 'Oracles against the Nations.' This chapter specifically announces God's judgement against the nations of Ammon, Moab, Edom, and Philistia in response to their actions and attitudes towards God's chosen people, Israel. The chapter, while brief, is dense with themes of divine judgement, retribution, and the sovereignty of God over all nations.
The book of Ezekiel is named after its author, Ezekiel, who was both a priest and a prophet. He was among the Jewish exiles who were taken to Babylon by King Nebuchadnezzar in 597 B.C. Ezekiel's prophecies were often symbolic, dramatic, and filled with vivid imagery, which gave a clear message of God's sovereignty, His judgement for sin and rebellion, and His ultimate salvation and restoration of His people.
Ezekiel 25 begins with God commanding Ezekiel to set his face against the Ammonites and prophesy against them. The Ammonites, who were descendants of Lot, had a long history of hostility towards Israel. They had rejoiced maliciously when the Babylonians destroyed the Jerusalem temple, God's dwelling place among His people. This ungodly joy at the calamity of God's people was seen as an act of arrogance and cruelty that invited God’s judgement. God declared through Ezekiel that He would deliver the Ammonites into the hands of the people of the East, a phrase often used to describe the Babylonians. Their land would be laid waste, and their cities would be destroyed. Thus, they would know that He is the Lord.
The prophecy then moves to the nation of Moab. The Moabites were also descendants of Lot and were known for their pride. They had sneered at Israel, viewing God's judgement upon them as proof that they were no different from other nations. God declared His judgement on Moab, stating that the city of Kerioth would be destroyed and that Moab would be invaded. This divine punishment would serve to demonstrate that God is sovereign, and His people are unique.
The prophecy then turns to Edom, a nation descended from Esau, Jacob's brother. The Edomites had a long-standing grudge against the Israelites and had seized every opportunity to harm them. God declared that because of their vengeance and hatred, He would stretch out His hand against Edom and make it desolate. This judgement would come through the hands of Israel, His people.
Finally, God's judgement is pronounced against Philistia, the longtime enemies of Israel who had acted out of spite and sought to destroy the Israelites. God declared that He would execute great vengeance upon them with furious rebukes. They would know His wrath and acknowledge His power and sovereignty.
In Ezekiel 25, several themes emerge that are central to understanding the message of this chapter. One of the primary themes is the sovereignty of God. The chapter underscores that God is the supreme ruler over all nations, not just Israel. He exercises His authority in punishing the wicked and vindicating His people. Despite the seeming triumph of these nations over Israel, God’s judgement reveals who holds ultimate power.
Another major theme is divine judgement and retribution. In this chapter, God is the judge who sees the actions of all nations and brings retribution against those who harm His people. This divine judgement is not arbitrary but is a direct response to the nations' wickedness and cruelty.
A third theme is the recognition of God. Each judgement ends with the phrase, "and they will know that I am the Lord." God’s judgement against these nations serves not only as punishment for their actions, but also as a revelation of His identity and power. It is a powerful declaration of His divine authority and a call for all nations to acknowledge Him as the one true God.
In terms of its meaning, Ezekiel 25 serves as a stern reminder of the consequences of pride, cruelty, and disrespect towards God and His people. It underscores the principle that God defends His people and avenges their mistreatment. For contemporary readers, it offers reassurance of God's justice, His control over world events, and His ultimate victory over evil.
In conclusion, Ezekiel Chapter 25 is a powerful proclamation of God's judgement against the nations of Ammon, Moab, Edom, and Philistia. It demonstrates God's unwavering commitment to justice and His sovereign control over all nations. It also serves as a sobering reminder that God will not ignore the mistreatment of His people and will ensure that justice is served. For believers today, it underscores the assurance that God is in control, even in the face of adversity, and that He will ultimately vindicate His people.