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Song of Solomon 1

Song 1, So 1, Canticle of Canticles 1, Canticles 1, Song of Songs 1, SOS 1

Song of Solomon 1

1 The song of songs, which is Solomon's.

2 Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth: for thy love is better than wine.

3 Because of the savour of thy good ointments thy name is as ointment poured forth, therefore do the virgins love thee.

4 Draw me, we will run after thee: the king hath brought me into his chambers: we will be glad and rejoice in thee, we will remember thy love more than wine: the upright love thee.

5 I am black, but comely, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, as the tents of Kedar, as the curtains of Solomon.

6 Look not upon me, because I am black, because the sun hath looked upon me: my mother's children were angry with me; they made me the keeper of the vineyards; but mine own vineyard have I not kept.

7 Tell me, O thou whom my soul loveth, where thou feedest, where thou makest thy flock to rest at noon: for why should I be as one that turneth aside by the flocks of thy companions?

8 If thou know not, O thou fairest among women, go thy way forth by the footsteps of the flock, and feed thy kids beside the shepherds' tents.

9 I have compared thee, O my love, to a company of horses in Pharaoh's chariots.

10 Thy cheeks are comely with rows of jewels, thy neck with chains of gold.

11 We will make thee borders of gold with studs of silver.

12 While the king sitteth at his table, my spikenard sendeth forth the smell thereof.

13 A bundle of myrrh is my well-beloved unto me; he shall lie all night betwixt my breasts.

14 My beloved is unto me as a cluster of camphire in the vineyards of Engedi.

15 Behold, thou art fair, my love; behold, thou art fair; thou hast doves' eyes.

16 Behold, thou art fair, my beloved, yea, pleasant: also our bed is green.

17 The beams of our house are cedar, and our rafters of fir.

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Summary and the Meaning of Chapter 1 of the Song of Solomon in the KJV Holy Bible

The Song of Solomon, also known as the Song of Songs, is a unique book in the Holy Bible. Unlike other scriptural books that focus on God's laws and His acts, the Song of Solomon is a lyrical poem that celebrates love, specifically, the intimate and passionate love between a man and a woman. The opening chapter introduces us to this captivating narrative, setting the stage for a profound exploration of love's depths and complexities. Chapter 1 of the Song of Solomon is a dialogue between two lovers, often interpreted as Solomon, the king of Israel, and a Shulamite woman, who passionately desire each other's company and affection.

The first verse identifies Solomon as the author, though the text's poetic nature and focus on feminine perspectives have led some scholars to argue for a female author or co-author. Regardless of authorship, the chapter captures the universal human experience of longing for and delighting in love.

Themes in Chapter 1 of Song of Solomon

The Song of Solomon Chapter 1 explores several key themes, including desire, beauty, and identity. The theme of desire is prominent from the first lines of the poem, where the woman expresses her longing for her lover's kisses and praises the fragrance of his perfumes. This expression of desire is not only sensual but also emotional, indicating a deep bond and affection between the lovers. The repeated use of the phrase "draw me" (v. 4) underlines this intense desire and longing.

Beauty is another central theme in this chapter. The woman, despite acknowledging her dark skin due to sun exposure, expresses confidence in her beauty. This statement is not just an assertion of physical attractiveness but also a declaration of self-worth and dignity. The man also affirms her beauty, comparing her to the horses in Pharaoh's chariots, a metaphor that may seem strange to modern readers but likely conveyed strength, elegance, and nobility in the original cultural context.

Identity forms the third significant theme in this chapter. The lovers identify each other with specific locations, associating their beloved with familiar, cherished places. This identification suggests that their love is not just personal but also communal, reflecting their social and cultural contexts.

Interpreting the Meaning of Chapter 1 of Song of Solomon

Interpreting the Song of Solomon, particularly its first chapter, requires an understanding of its poetic and metaphorical language. The poem presents love as intoxicating and delightful, comparing it to wine and sweet-smelling perfumes. This metaphorical language invites readers to experience love's sweetness and intoxication, encouraging them to celebrate and cherish their relationships.

The woman's assertion of her beauty despite her sun-darkened skin challenges societal beauty standards, reminding readers that beauty is diverse and subjective. It also affirms the dignity and worth of those who work under the sun, often the poor and marginalized. This affirmation is a powerful statement of social justice, asserting the equal dignity and value of all people, regardless of their social status or physical appearance.

The lovers' identification of each other with specific locations points to the importance of community and cultural identity in shaping our relationships. The woman associates the man with the vineyards, a symbol of fertility and abundance, and the man compares the woman to a mare in Pharaoh's chariots, a symbol of strength and nobility. These associations suggest that our relationships are not just personal but also communal, shaped by our cultural contexts and contributing to our communal identity.


In conclusion, Chapter 1 of the Song of Solomon is a profound exploration of love's desire, beauty, and identity. It invites readers to celebrate love's sweetness and intoxication, to challenge societal beauty standards, and to recognize the role of community and cultural identity in shaping our relationships. As such, it offers timeless wisdom and inspiration for all who seek to understand and celebrate love.

While the Song of Solomon is a love poem, it is also a spiritual allegory. For many readers, the passionate love between the man and the woman symbolizes the deep love between God and humanity. This interpretation invites readers to experience God's love as intensely personal, joyful, and fulfilling, echoing the lovers' mutual desire and delight. Thus, the Song of Solomon, particularly its first chapter, offers a rich and profound exploration of love, both human and divine.

This article is informed by the King James Version of the Holy Bible, the authors' personal knowledge, considerations and experience, and additional materials and resources available in internet.

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