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Psalms 82

Pslm 82, Ps 82, Psa 82, Psm 82, Pss 82


Psalms 82

1 God standeth in the congregation of the mighty; he judgeth among the gods.

2 How long will ye judge unjustly, and accept the persons of the wicked? Selah.

3 Defend the poor and fatherless: do justice to the afflicted and needy.

4 Deliver the poor and needy: rid them out of the hand of the wicked.

5 They know not, neither will they understand; they walk on in darkness: all the foundations of the earth are out of course.

6 I have said, Ye are gods; and all of you are children of the most High.

7 But ye shall die like men, and fall like one of the princes.

8 Arise, O God, judge the earth: for thou shalt inherit all nations.

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Summary and the Meaning of Psalm 82

Psalm 82 is a profound and thought-provoking text in the Book of Psalms, a collection of religious songs, prayers, and other poetic compositions contained in the Bible. This psalm, rich in symbolism and theological implications, reflects on the themes of justice, divine judgment, and the responsibility of those in power. It's a compelling call to leaders and judges to exercise their authority with fairness, compassion, and integrity, underlining the moral imperative of defending the weak and the marginalized. Furthermore, it also explores the concept of divine judgment, reminding us that ultimately, all earthly powers are accountable to a higher, divine authority.

Psalm 82 is unique in its direct address to 'gods' or 'sons of the Most High.' These terms, while initially perplexing, are commonly interpreted as references to earthly judges and rulers, who, in their roles as decision-makers and law-givers, can be seen as exercising a divine-like function. This interpretation is based on the broader biblical context, where judges are sometimes described as 'gods' due to their role in administering justice, a divine prerogative.

A Call to Justice

The primary theme of Psalm 82 is a call to justice. It begins with a vivid depiction of God presiding in a divine assembly, standing in judgment over the 'gods.' This imagery sets the scene for the subsequent verses, which present a stern critique of unjust rulers who fail to protect the weak and the poor. The psalmist accuses these 'gods' of partiality, ignorance, and negligence, asserting that their unjust rule has caused chaos and disorder in the world.

Verses 3 and 4 of Psalm 82 issue a clear mandate to defend the poor and fatherless, to do justice to the afflicted and needy, to deliver them out of the hand of the wicked. These verses underscore the fundamental biblical principle of justice, particularly social justice. They remind the rulers (and all readers) of their duty to protect the vulnerable, uphold the cause of the marginalized, and resist the oppression of the wicked. This call to justice is not just a legal or political mandate; it's a moral and spiritual responsibility, reflecting God's own concern for the weak and the oppressed.

Divine Judgment and Accountability

Another significant theme in Psalm 82 is the concept of divine judgment and accountability. The psalmist warns the unjust 'gods' that they will die like mere men, a stark reminder that despite their power and authority, they are mortal and will face divine judgment. This theme reinforces the idea that all earthly powers are ultimately accountable to God, the supreme Judge. It serves as a stern warning to those who abuse their power and neglect their duty to administer justice.

The notion of divine judgment also underscores the transient nature of earthly power. The 'gods,' despite their lofty positions, are not immortal. They will die like ordinary men, falling from their pedestals of power. This idea serves to humble those in authority, reminding them of their mortality and their ultimate accountability before God.

The Cry for Divine Intervention

The final verse of Psalm 82 is a plea for divine intervention. The psalmist cries out to God to rise up, judge the earth, and inherit all nations. This plea reflects a profound longing for God's righteous rule, a world where justice is upheld, the wicked are punished, and the vulnerable are protected. It also expresses a deep faith in God's ultimate sovereignty over all nations and peoples.

This cry for divine intervention is both a lament over the current state of injustice and a hopeful anticipation of God's righteous rule. It acknowledges the limitations of human justice and the failure of earthly rulers, while affirming the supremacy of divine justice. It is a powerful expression of hope and faith in the midst of injustice and oppression.

Conclusion: The Enduring Relevance of Psalm 82

In conclusion, Psalm 82 is a potent exploration of justice, divine judgment, and the responsibility of those in power. It challenges rulers to uphold justice, warns them of divine judgment, and calls upon God to establish His righteous rule. It is a timeless reminder of the moral and spiritual responsibilities that come with power, the transient nature of earthly authority, and the ultimate supremacy of divine justice.

The relevance of Psalm 82 extends beyond its historical and biblical context. It speaks to all generations, challenging us to confront injustice, defend the vulnerable, and strive for a world that reflects God's righteousness. It reminds us that all power is accountable, that injustice will not go unpunished, and that God's justice will ultimately prevail. It is a psalm that calls us to action, to reflection, and to faith, making it a valuable resource for personal meditation, public worship, and social advocacy.

In a world still marred by injustice, oppression, and abuse of power, the message of Psalm 82 rings true. It calls us to remember the divine mandate for justice, to hold our leaders accountable, and to turn to God as our ultimate Judge and Deliverer. It is a psalm that challenges, comforts, and inspires, reminding us of the profound biblical vision of justice and the hope of divine intervention.



This article is informed by the King James Version of the Holy Bible, the authors' personal knowledge, considerations and experience, and additional materials and resources available in internet.

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