1 Now the LORD had said unto Abram, Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and from thy father's house, unto a land that I will show thee:
2 And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing:
3 And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed.
4 So Abram departed, as the LORD had spoken unto him; and Lot went with him: and Abram was seventy and five years old when he departed out of Haran.
5 And Abram took Sarai his wife, and Lot his brother's son, and all their substance that they had gathered, and the souls that they had gotten in Haran; and they went forth to go into the land of Canaan; and into the land of Canaan they came.
6 And Abram passed through the land unto the place of Sichem, unto the plain of Moreh. And the Canaanite was then in the land.
7 And the LORD appeared unto Abram, and said, Unto thy seed will I give this land: and there builded he an altar unto the LORD, who appeared unto him.
8 And he removed from thence unto a mountain on the east of Bethel, and pitched his tent, having Bethel on the west, and Hai on the east: and there he builded an altar unto the LORD, and called upon the name of the LORD.
9 And Abram journeyed, going on still toward the south.
10 And there was a famine in the land: and Abram went down into Egypt to sojourn there; for the famine was grievous in the land.
11 And it came to pass, when he was come near to enter into Egypt, that he said unto Sarai his wife, Behold now, I know that thou art a fair woman to look upon:
12 Therefore it shall come to pass, when the Egyptians shall see thee, that they shall say, This is his wife: and they will kill me, but they will save thee alive.
13 Say, I pray thee, thou art my sister: that it may be well with me for thy sake; and my soul shall live because of thee.
14 And it came to pass, that, when Abram was come into Egypt, the Egyptians beheld the woman that she was very fair.
15 The princes also of Pharaoh saw her, and commended her before Pharaoh: and the woman was taken into Pharaoh's house.
16 And he entreated Abram well for her sake: and he had sheep, and oxen, and he asses, and menservants, and maidservants, and she asses, and camels.
17 And the LORD plagued Pharaoh and his house with great plagues because of Sarai Abram's wife.
18 And Pharaoh called Abram and said, What is this that thou hast done unto me? why didst thou not tell me that she was thy wife?
19 Why saidst thou, She is my sister? so I might have taken her to me to wife: now therefore behold thy wife, take her, and go thy way.
20 And Pharaoh commanded his men concerning him: and they sent him away, and his wife, and all that he had.
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Genesis chapter 12 is a pivotal chapter in the book of Genesis, as it marks the beginning of God's covenant with Abraham and the establishment of the nation of Israel. This chapter also sets the stage for the rest of the biblical narrative, as it introduces key themes and characters that will play significant roles in the story of God's people.
The chapter begins with God calling Abram (later known as Abraham) to leave his homeland and go to a land that God will show him. This call is significant because it marks the beginning of God's plan to establish a chosen people through whom He will bless all nations. It also demonstrates Abram's faith and obedience to God, as he immediately sets out on his journey with his wife Sarai and his nephew Lot.
God promises to make Abram into a great nation, to bless him and make his name great, and to bless all the families of the earth through him. This promise foreshadows the coming of Jesus Christ, who would be a descendant of Abraham and bring salvation to all people.
Abram and his family travel to the land of Canaan, which God has promised to give to them. This journey is not without challenges, as they face famine and have to temporarily settle in Egypt. However, God continues to guide and protect them, and Abram's wealth and influence grow during this time.
It is also during this journey that Abram builds altars to the Lord and calls on His name, demonstrating his faith and devotion to God. This is a recurring theme throughout the Bible, as God's people are called to worship and honor Him above all else.
As Abram and his family enter Egypt, he becomes afraid that the Egyptians will kill him to take his wife Sarai, who is very beautiful. To protect himself, Abram asks Sarai to pretend to be his sister instead of his wife. This deception ultimately leads to Pharaoh taking Sarai into his household, but God intervenes and sends plagues upon Pharaoh and his household. When Pharaoh discovers the truth, he rebukes Abram and sends him away with his wife and possessions.
This incident serves as a reminder that even God's chosen people are not perfect and can make mistakes. It also highlights the consequences of deception and the importance of honesty and integrity in our relationships.
As Abram and Lot's possessions grow, their herdsmen begin to quarrel over grazing land. Abram, being the elder and leader, gives Lot the first choice of land and allows him to choose where he wants to settle. Lot chooses the fertile land of the Jordan Valley, leaving Abram with the less desirable land of Canaan.
This event shows Abram's humility and generosity, as he puts his nephew's needs before his own. It also foreshadows the future conflict between the descendants of Lot (the Moabites and Ammonites) and the descendants of Abram (the Israelites).
After Lot's departure, God reaffirms His promise to Abram, promising to give him all the land that he can see. This promise is significant because it not only confirms God's faithfulness to His covenant, but it also establishes the boundaries of the land that will belong to the nation of Israel.
God also promises to make Abram's descendants as numerous as the dust of the earth, a promise that will be fulfilled through the birth of Isaac and the subsequent generations of Israelites.
Throughout this chapter, Abram builds altars to the Lord as a way of worship and thanksgiving. These altars serve as a reminder of God's presence and faithfulness, and they also symbolize Abram's commitment to following God's will.
Altars play a significant role in the Old Testament, as they are often used for sacrifices and offerings to God. They also represent the importance of worship and devotion in the lives of God's people.
Genesis chapter 12 is a crucial chapter in the Bible, as it sets the foundation for God's plan of salvation and redemption for all people. It introduces key themes such as faith, obedience, and God's covenant with His people, which will be explored and developed throughout the rest of the biblical narrative.
This chapter also highlights the importance of worship and devotion to God, as seen through Abram's building of altars and calling on the name of the Lord. It serves as a reminder that our relationship with God should be the most important aspect of our lives, and that He deserves our worship and praise above all else.
Additionally, this chapter showcases the human flaws and weaknesses of God's chosen people, reminding us that we are all in need of God's grace and forgiveness. It also demonstrates God's faithfulness and sovereignty, as He continues to guide and protect His people despite their imperfections.
Overall, Genesis chapter 12 is a powerful and significant chapter that lays the groundwork for the rest of the Bible. It reveals God's plan for His people and His desire to bless all nations through the nation of Israel. It also teaches us important lessons about faith, obedience, worship, and the character of God.
Genesis chapter 12 is a pivotal chapter in the Bible that sets the stage for the rest of the biblical narrative. It introduces key themes and characters, such as God's covenant with Abraham and the establishment of the nation of Israel, that will be explored and developed throughout the Bible.
This chapter also teaches us important lessons about faith, obedience, worship, and the character of God. It reminds us of God's faithfulness and sovereignty, and His desire to bless all nations through His chosen people.
As we continue to read and study the Bible, let us remember the significance of Genesis chapter 12 and its role in God's plan for our lives. Let us also strive to follow the example of Abram, who demonstrated unwavering faith and obedience to God, and who was blessed for his devotion and trust in the Lord.