Listen to The Bible:
Watch Bible video:

Spread the word and...

1 Samuel 14

1 Sam 14, 1 Sa 14, 1Samuel 14, 1S 14, I Sa 14, 1 Sm 14, 1Sa 14, I Sam 14, 1Sam 14, I Samuel 14, 1st Samuel 14, First Samuel 14

1 Samuel 14

1 Now it came to pass upon a day, that Jonathan the son of Saul said unto the young man that bare his armor, Come, and let us go over to the Philistines' garrison, that is on the other side. But he told not his father.

2 And Saul tarried in the uttermost part of Gibeah under a pomegranate tree which is in Migron: and the people that were with him were about six hundred men;

3 And Ahiah, the son of Ahitub, Ichabod's brother, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, the LORD's priest in Shiloh, wearing an ephod. And the people knew not that Jonathan was gone.

4 And between the passages, by which Jonathan sought to go over unto the Philistines' garrison, there was a sharp rock on the one side, and a sharp rock on the other side: and the name of the one was Bozez, and the name of the other Seneh.

5 The forefront of the one was situate northward over against Michmash, and the other southward over against Gibeah.

6 And Jonathan said to the young man that bare his armor, Come, and let us go over unto the garrison of these uncircumcised: it may be that the LORD will work for us: for there is no restraint to the LORD to save by many or by few.

7 And his armourbearer said unto him, Do all that is in thine heart: turn thee; behold, I am with thee according to thy heart.

8 Then said Jonathan, Behold, we will pass over unto these men, and we will discover ourselves unto them.

9 If they say thus unto us, Tarry until we come to you; then we will stand still in our place, and will not go up unto them.

10 But if they say thus, Come up unto us; then we will go up: for the LORD hath delivered them into our hand: and this shall be a sign unto us.

11 And both of them discovered themselves unto the garrison of the Philistines: and the Philistines said, Behold, the Hebrews come forth out of the holes where they had hid themselves.

12 And the men of the garrison answered Jonathan and his armourbearer, and said, Come up to us, and we will show you a thing. And Jonathan said unto his armourbearer, Come up after me: for the LORD hath delivered them into the hand of Israel.

13 And Jonathan climbed up upon his hands and upon his feet, and his armourbearer after him: and they fell before Jonathan; and his armourbearer slew after him.

14 And that first slaughter, which Jonathan and his armourbearer made, was about twenty men, within as it were an half acre of land, which a yoke of oxen might plow.

15 And there was trembling in the host, in the field, and among all the people: the garrison, and the spoilers, they also trembled, and the earth quaked: so it was a very great trembling.

16 And the watchmen of Saul in Gibeah of Benjamin looked; and, behold, the multitude melted away, and they went on beating down one another.

17 Then said Saul unto the people that were with him, Number now, and see who is gone from us. And when they had numbered, behold, Jonathan and his armourbearer were not there.

18 And Saul said unto Ahiah, Bring hither the ark of God. For the ark of God was at that time with the children of Israel.

19 And it came to pass, while Saul talked unto the priest, that the noise that was in the host of the Philistines went on and increased: and Saul said unto the priest, Withdraw thine hand.

20 And Saul and all the people that were with him assembled themselves, and they came to the battle: and, behold, every man's sword was against his fellow, and there was a very great discomfiture.

21 Moreover the Hebrews that were with the Philistines before that time, which went up with them into the camp from the country round about, even they also turned to be with the Israelites that were with Saul and Jonathan.

22 Likewise all the men of Israel which had hid themselves in mount Ephraim, when they heard that the Philistines fled, even they also followed hard after them in the battle.

23 So the LORD saved Israel that day: and the battle passed over unto Bethaven.

24 And the men of Israel were distressed that day: for Saul had adjured the people, saying, Cursed be the man that eateth any food until evening, that I may be avenged on mine enemies. So none of the people tasted any food.

25 And all they of the land came to a wood; and there was honey upon the ground.

26 And when the people were come into the wood, behold, the honey dropped; but no man put his hand to his mouth: for the people feared the oath.

27 But Jonathan heard not when his father charged the people with the oath: wherefore he put forth the end of the rod that was in his hand, and dipped it in an honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth; and his eyes were enlightened.

28 Then answered one of the people, and said, Thy father straitly charged the people with an oath, saying, Cursed be the man that eateth any food this day. And the people were faint.

29 Then said Jonathan, My father hath troubled the land: see, I pray you, how mine eyes have been enlightened, because I tasted a little of this honey.

30 How much more, if haply the people had eaten freely to day of the spoil of their enemies which they found? for had there not been now a much greater slaughter among the Philistines?

31 And they smote the Philistines that day from Michmash to Aijalon: and the people were very faint.

32 And the people flew upon the spoil, and took sheep, and oxen, and calves, and slew them on the ground: and the people did eat them with the blood.

33 Then they told Saul, saying, Behold, the people sin against the LORD, in that they eat with the blood. And he said, Ye have transgressed: roll a great stone unto me this day.

34 And Saul said, Disperse yourselves among the people, and say unto them, Bring me hither every man his ox, and every man his sheep, and slay them here, and eat; and sin not against the LORD in eating with the blood. And all the people brought every man his ox with him that night, and slew them there.

35 And Saul built an altar unto the LORD: the same was the first altar that he built unto the LORD.

36 And Saul said, Let us go down after the Philistines by night, and spoil them until the morning light, and let us not leave a man of them. And they said, Do whatsoever seemeth good unto thee. Then said the priest, Let us draw near hither unto God.

37 And Saul asked counsel of God, Shall I go down after the Philistines? wilt thou deliver them into the hand of Israel? But he answered him not that day.

38 And Saul said, Draw ye near hither, all the chief of the people: and know and see wherein this sin hath been this day.

39 For, as the LORD liveth, which saveth Israel, though it be in Jonathan my son, he shall surely die. But there was not a man among all the people that answered him.

40 Then said he unto all Israel, Be ye on one side, and I and Jonathan my son will be on the other side. And the people said unto Saul, Do what seemeth good unto thee.

41 Therefore Saul said unto the LORD God of Israel, Give a perfect lot. And Saul and Jonathan were taken: but the people escaped.

42 And Saul said, Cast lots between me and Jonathan my son. And Jonathan was taken.

43 Then Saul said to Jonathan, Tell me what thou hast done. And Jonathan told him, and said, I did but taste a little honey with the end of the rod that was in mine hand, and, lo, I must die.

44 And Saul answered, God do so and more also: for thou shalt surely die, Jonathan.

45 And the people said unto Saul, Shall Jonathan die, who hath wrought this great salvation in Israel? God forbid: as the LORD liveth, there shall not one hair of his head fall to the ground; for he hath wrought with God this day. So the people rescued Jonathan, that he died not.

46 Then Saul went up from following the Philistines: and the Philistines went to their own place.

47 So Saul took the kingdom over Israel, and fought against all his enemies on every side, against Moab, and against the children of Ammon, and against Edom, and against the kings of Zobah, and against the Philistines: and whithersoever he turned himself, he vexed them.

48 And he gathered an host, and smote the Amalekites, and delivered Israel out of the hands of them that spoiled them.

49 Now the sons of Saul were Jonathan, and Ishui, and Melchishua: and the names of his two daughters were these; the name of the firstborn Merab, and the name of the younger Michal:

50 And the name of Saul's wife was Ahinoam, the daughter of Ahimaaz: and the name of the captain of his host was Abner, the son of Ner, Saul's uncle.

51 And Kish was the father of Saul; and Ner the father of Abner was the son of Abiel.

52 And there was sore war against the Philistines all the days of Saul: and when Saul saw any strong man, or any valiant man, he took him unto him.

If you would like to listen for free to MP3 audio version of this chapter, or any other chapter from The Book of 1 Samuel KJV, please click the button below.

Summary and the Meaning of 1 Samuel Chapter 14


The book of 1 Samuel is part of the Old Testament in the Holy Bible and is believed to have been written by the prophet Samuel. It is a historical account of the Israelites during the transition from the period of the judges to the establishment of a monarchy under King Saul. Chapter 14 of 1 Samuel is a pivotal chapter in the story as it reveals the actions and character of both Saul and his son Jonathan. This chapter is full of dramatic events and displays the power of faith and the sovereignty of God.

The Main Themes of 1 Samuel Chapter 14

There are several main themes that can be found in 1 Samuel chapter 14. These include faith, courage, obedience, and God's sovereignty. Each of these themes is intertwined in the events that take place in this chapter and reveal important lessons for believers today.

The Story of Jonathan and His Armor-Bearer

The chapter begins with Jonathan, the son of King Saul, and his armor-bearer sneaking out of the Israelite camp to attack a Philistine garrison. This act of bravery and faith is significant as it shows Jonathan's trust in God's power and his willingness to take action instead of waiting for his father, the king, to lead the Israelites into battle. Jonathan's armor-bearer also displays great courage and faith by agreeing to follow Jonathan on this mission, even though they were greatly outnumbered by the Philistine army.

Jonathan and his armor-bearer devise a plan to reveal themselves to the Philistines and see how they react. If the Philistines invite them to come up, it would be a sign that God is with them and they will attack. This plan is risky, but it shows Jonathan's faith and trust in God's direction.

God's Sovereignty and the Philistine Army's Panic

As Jonathan and his armor-bearer reveal themselves to the Philistines, their plan works perfectly and the Philistines invite them to come up. This is a clear sign that God is with them and they charge into battle. The Philistines, who were once confident and secure in their numbers, are thrown into confusion and panic. This is a clear display of God's sovereignty and power over the enemies of Israel.

The panic of the Philistine army spreads to the rest of the camp and the Israelites, who were once hiding in fear, now rise up and join the battle. This shows the power of faith and how it can inspire and motivate others to take action.

Saul's Rash Oath and Its Consequences

Meanwhile, King Saul is at the outskirts of the battle, unaware of what is happening. He had made a rash oath earlier that day, declaring that anyone who eats before the evening would be cursed. This oath was meant to motivate the Israelites to fight harder, but it also caused problems when Jonathan unknowingly breaks the oath by eating honey from a tree in the forest. When Saul finds out, he is ready to punish Jonathan, but the people intervene and remind Saul of the great victory that Jonathan and God have brought to Israel.

This incident reveals Saul's impulsive and rash character, as well as his lack of faith in God's ability to bring victory. It also shows the importance of thinking before making a promise or oath, as it can have unintended consequences.

God's Faithfulness and the Israelites' Victory

The Israelites, with God's help, are able to defeat the Philistines and regain control of their land. This victory is a clear display of God's faithfulness and protection over his people. Despite their initial fear and lack of faith, the Israelites were able to experience a great triumph over their enemies. This serves as a reminder to believers to always trust in God's faithfulness and sovereignty, even in the face of seemingly impossible situations.

The Meaning of 1 Samuel Chapter 14

1 Samuel chapter 14 teaches us several important lessons that are still relevant today. Firstly, it shows the power of faith and how it can inspire courage and action in the face of fear and overwhelming odds. Jonathan's faith in God's power and sovereignty led him to take action, and that action inspired others to join in the battle.

Secondly, this chapter reveals the importance of obedience to God's commands. Jonathan and his armor-bearer were willing to follow God's direction and take action, even though it was risky. This obedience led to a great victory for the Israelites.

Thirdly, the story of Saul's rash oath and its consequences reminds us to think before making promises or oaths. Our words have power, and we should be careful not to make hasty declarations that could have negative consequences.

Lastly, 1 Samuel chapter 14 displays God's sovereignty and faithfulness. Despite the Israelites' initial fear and lack of faith, God remained faithful and brought about a great victory for his people. This is a reminder to believers that no matter the circumstances, God is in control and will always remain faithful to his promises.


In conclusion, 1 Samuel chapter 14 is a pivotal chapter in the story of the Israelites and their transition to a monarchy under King Saul. It is full of dramatic events that reveal important themes such as faith, courage, obedience, and God's sovereignty. This chapter serves as a reminder to believers to trust in God's faithfulness and sovereignty, and to always be willing to take action and obey his commands.

This article is informed by the King James Version of the Holy Bible, the authors' personal knowledge, considerations and experience, and additional materials and resources available in internet.

Share this page
© 2018 - 2024